Parking Facilities are complex structures that demand an integrated approach with the use of a variety of professionals. Parking facilities take on many different forms from mixed-use structures to underground, stand-alone facilities. What ever the form, all need to comply with a number of important criteria that range from functional requirements to safety and aesthetic requirements.
Some of the More Important Considerations Include the Following:
Zoning: is an important consideration and designers need to work within local codes to meet these requirements. Local codes provide the guidelines with regard to the number of parking bays permitted or required.
Ventilation: this is a big issue with some parking structures. Although natural ventilation is desirable, it is not always going to be effective in some types of parking facilities. Detailed study is often required in order to ensure that the build up of carbon monoxide will not be a health hazard.
Structure: because a parking structure is typically exposed to the elements, it is essential that careful consideration be given to the structures ability to withstand environmental conditions. In addition to this, the continues movement of vehicles within these parking facilities requires that solutions be sought for ensuring the structure’s resilience. The size and length of the structure also needs to be accounted for as a contributing factor to expansion and contraction issues.
Drainage: the floor slope is an important element as the ponding of water can impact seriously on future maintenance considerations. Problems with water run off and water pollution can also occur when paving absorbs fuels and other materials.
Accessibility: all areas of the parking facility need to be ADA compliant with handicapped parking being strategically placed near elevators.
Mixed-Use: parking facilities are often connected with other building types. This requires that careful plans be made for loading or unloading so as not to interfere with facility traffic.
In Construction Risk Profiling™ paying attention to ADA requirements and potentially vulnerable areas for construction defects as early as possible is always central for time and cost savings.